Sex Fiends & Drag Queens – Gender and Sexuality in the Slasher Film

Much has been made on the treatment of females and the representation of sexuality within the horror genre. Critics have constantly overanalysed a genre whose primary function is to entertain, often stating that the slasher film represents male’s fear of feminism and that the gruesome acts of violence that these type of films focus on are the killer’s sexual frustrations being unleashed. While there may be truth with regards to specific films that have bordered on misogynistic, for the most part the slasher subgenre is a shallow and simplistic formula which often uses sexual imagery to titillate its teenage audience before providing them with the ‘money shot’ – elaborate murder set pieces. That is not to say that various filmmakers have brought a certain degree of intelligence or subtext to their work, but more often than not these movies are purely to cater for fans of elaborate special effects and soft nudity. They are, after all, the genre’s target audience.

Horror has always come under fire with regards to the violence that is levelled at females yet the treatment of their male counterparts never seems to be an issue. After all, some of the most notorious scenes in slasher history (the ‘arrow in the throat’ death from Friday the 13th, blood being spewed from the bed in A Nightmare on Elm Street or the severed fingers from The Burning) were focused on violence against males. They often prove inadequate and unhelpful, as do most authority figures, leaving the ‘final girl’ to fend for herself, eventually finding the strength and the courage to conquer and destroy the male monster. The female victims may often be killed either during or shortly after having sex, but so are the males, and the latter are usually being misguided by their ‘little head,’ meaning that they are easier prey. The choice of camera angles is another analysed device, with critics often accusing the ‘killer’s point-of-view’ device as a way for the male audience to lust over those female characters on screen, who are usually the kind of girls that would be out of their league in the real world, but this was an effective tool famously used by Alfred Hitchcock in Psycho (the proto-slasher) and is more often than not an effective way to increase tension shortly before the killer takes his next victim.

The slasher film is commonly referred to as a ‘male dominated genre,’ in that these films are usually written and directed by men and thus aimed at a similar audience. But this argument is redundant, as those slashers that were made by women, such as Sorority House Massacre and The Slumber Party Massacre (the latter of which was penned by feminist writer Rita Mae Brown), often feature more graphic nudity and voyeuristic camera angles than male-directed slashers like Halloween or even Friday the 13th. And simply insisting that these female slashers were made in such a way as to cater for their male audiences would be a futile debate, as that would make these filmmakers no more respectable than any of the countless male directors who have employed similar methods to entertain their audiences. One of the most notorious ‘splatter’ movies was Tobe Hooper’s The Texas Chainsaw Massacre which, as has been noted time and time again, features no nudity, sexual imagery and very little bloodshed.

There is no denying that art imitates life, and vice versa. For it can be no coincidence that the first appearance of the ‘final girl’ coincided with the rise of feminism in the early seventies, with the horror genre before this often portraying women as damsels in distress that must wait for the hero to save them. This is a cliché that the action movie has continued to employ, but the horror film (from American offerings like Black Christmas and Alien to European flicks such as Suspiria) has at least attempted to exploit this change in society into its storytelling. In fact, the slasher film not only portrayed their female protagonists as resourceful and independent, but also began to include women killers, who were more than capable of overpowering males before being defeated by the heroine. A variety of slashers to employ this kind of ‘twist’ ending included Friday the 13th, Happy Birthday to Me and, perhaps most controversially, Sleepaway Camp.

On vary rare occasions does a male survive until the end of a slasher. Even in Friday the 13th Part 6: Jason Lives (who had already lived through two previous films) and A Nightmare on Elm Street Part 2: Freddy’s Revenge, the heroes once again have to rely on a female to save them and defeat the monsters. Perhaps The Burning is the best example, where two males manage to survive, though one of them was responsible for the carnage to begin with. It is not common for a male to successfully come to the rescue of the heroine without having to sacrifice his life, and even then the female is the one to be victorious. Males are often poorly written and lack any kind of true strength or courage, they are usually just ‘machete fodder’ and display no common sense. While there may be female characters who are portrayed in a similar light, the final girl is always on hand to save the day, without any male assistance.

Take A Nightmare on Elm Street, for example. At various points throughout the story the protagonist, Nancy Thompson, is forced to rely on two key male characters – her boyfriend, Glen Lantz, and her father (who is also a police lieutenant). Both fail in not only protecting her but, in Glen’s case, also himself. Nancy is left to defend herself and it is her inner strength that finally defeats the monster. It is her own courage in turning her back on the maniac and taking away his hold over her that finally subdues him and allows her to survive. It is worth noting that the ridiculous epilogue was not included in Wes Craven’s screenplay and was instead added at the insistence of the film’s producer, Robert Shaye, as a means to pave the way for a later sequel.

The slasher film may often feature unnecessary nudity, but realistically how often is it actually needed in a movie? It is usually included to keep the viewer’s interest until the next interesting set piece. While the likes of Maniac, Nightmare in a Damaged Brain and The New York Ripper may at times border on misogynistic, the majority of slashers use sex and violence as entertainment and occasionally the two will be used simultaneously. Perhaps it is giving these filmmakers too much credit to say that they are intentionally including some kind of anti-feminist subtext in their work, as the likes of Tony Maylam, Joe Giannone or Armand Mastroianni have hardly been renowned for their intelligent output. Some films are designed to make you think and question the world around you. In most cases, this won’t be a slasher. They are usually dumb and generic, but in some ways that is part of their charm.

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54 Responses to “ Sex Fiends & Drag Queens – Gender and Sexuality in the Slasher Film ”

  1. Good article. This is becoming one of my favorite horror websites.

    I would say that the majority of horror movies, and slasher movies in general, do portray women as sex objects but balance it out with the “final girl”. I don’t see why, as fans of this genre, we have to defend ourselves. These movies are what they are, they aren’t award-winners but they’re movies we can watch time and again. That’s all I ask for. The majority of movies I watch are horror.

    I’m gay and I think a lot of the horror genre and its fans are homophobic in some way. It’s just something I can overlook because I have always love the horror genre. I do wish they would’ve added a gay element to at least one slasher movie from the early 80s, just to shake things up. I guess the closest they came to that was Cruising, and that is less of a slasher movie, and more of a thriller. I guess Nightmare On Elm Street Part 2 is gay enough for the whole genre.

    Just to nitpick, “Black Christmas” is a Canadian movie. But still great nevertheless.

  2. Thanks for the feedback but I do disagree that you say the fans are homophobic. The Oxford-English dictionary describe homophobia as ‘an extreme and irrational aversion to homosexuality and homosexuals.’ I can’t say I suffer from that. I have had friends who are gay and it’s never been an issue. And watching a horror movies doesn’t automatically make me homophobic. And because a movie doesn’t reference homosexuality that does not mean the filmmakers were against it. And by the way, your comment on ‘I do wish they would’ve added a gay element to at least one slasher movie from the early 80s, just to shake things up,’ I guess you haven’t seen Sleepaway Camp? It’s only a minor element of the film but it does touch upon it, as we debated here some weeks back. Thanks again for commenting!

  3. I’m gay myself and I don’t think slasher films or people who watch them are homophobic. By your logic you could say slasher films are racist due to the small number of non white people within the genre.
    Go watch Savage Weekend. There is an ass kicking gay guy in that film.

  4. I’m gay too and I love slashers. I’ve unfortunately met many homophobic slasher fans, but you shouldn’t judge everyone because a few are stupid. :)

  5. Interesting article, very intelligent. I am also a gay male – and the way this thread is going, you’d think we made up a disproportionate part of the slasher fanbase.

    Good call on Savage Weekend, Jay. Another pre-80′s slasher to feature a gay character prominently is Rituals, which is the better movie of the two.

    The director of Just before Dawn originally meant to include a gay character, and in the end result, that character still plays as pretty gay.

    In The Dark, 79, a psychic inadvertantly outs a closet homosexual with her extra-sensory powers. It’s pretty insignificant to the plot, though.

    Many 70′s gialli included gay men and Lesbians – but that’s western Europe for you. ;)

  6. Hi….another Mo’ here, and an avid slasher fan. I think there are many gay slasher fans, we are just sttracted to other things in the films aside from the T & A! Let’s not forget the queeniest slasher character of all time……Radish from Final Exam!

  7. Yes, Radish does come across as rather feminine – which I suspect is a quality of the actor, not the character on the page (he has a crush on the final girl, after all).

    There’s an interview with the actor on the DVD, and he seems like a cool guy. But for some reason, he lights up on my gaydar like a Christmas tree.

  8. Wow! I didn’t know there were so may other homo slasher lovers out there. All the other gays I know are snobby when it comes to horror and especially ’80s horror. Their loss.

    Speaking of Radish from Final Exam, I just watched that pile of shit last night for the first time. It’s partly the reason I found this site. I think I’ve seen almost every slasher made, except for that one and Graduation Day, which I watched the night before last. What a terrible, plodding movie. I enjoy character development but, man, I don’t want to watch a bunch of bad actors sit around and talk. That’s all they did until the final 30 minutes. I do have to agree that Radish is extremely gay. I think it’s the actor, not the character. But you notice, he had to drink whiskey to hit on the main actress in the film, maybe that tells you something. He totally made my gaydar go off.

    Christian, I didn’t call you homophobic. You’re an intelligent and great writer. That’s why I didn’t state that all horror fans are homophobic. I mean that would make me homophobic if true.

    I forgot about Sleepaway Camp, even though I’ve seen that movie many times. It’s a sleazy movie with a lot of sleazy sexuality. In my opinion, I think they included the gay father/lover subplot because the makers considered it risque, and honestly I don’t think it made being gay shown in a good light. The ending was just bizarre, but one of the most memorable endings in slasher history.

    I think you should review Deadly Blessing. I watched it yesterday and it’s one of Wes Craven’s forgotten films. It’s not a total slasher, but it literally borrows elements from Friday the 13th, and it’s actually pretty scary. It even has a weird Sleepaway Camp-like ending that you don’t see coming.

  9. Another gay slasher fan here… check out Hide and Go Shriek… a lot of subtext in that one (listen to the two guys working out at the start and who is the most upset when someone else dies), and I found it very campy and fun with a gay sensibility, although some might take issue with the villain (although the villain’s former prison boyfriend did save the day).

    And I just watched Savage Lust… not gay, but the guys seem to be ogled more than the women in terms of the camera work.

    I also like Final Exam! And don’t forget Friday the 13th Part VII has, I believe 4 gay male actors in it (and don’t forget Jason is the ultimate “Mama’s Boy,” as invalid as that is when describing gay men). And Crystal Lake Memories was written by Peter Bracke, another gay male fan of slashers. We also know John Waters loves Christmas Evil. And the director of Hell Night did a gay porn film called Sons of Satan before that movie! And the son from the original Hills Have Eyes is openly gay, I believe. Killer Workout oozes camp. Oh, and it’s a little less of a slasher, but Night Warning (aka Butcher Baker Nightmare Maker) has gay elements all over the place. I watched Prom Night again last night and noticed how the “thug” character was so amazingly disinterested in the hot blonde, and the villain was of course a guy wearing his mom’s lipstick at the end.

    Whether or not it’s all positive, I think there’s a wealth of gay stuff in slasher films… you just gotta look, sometimes between the lines!

  10. What about Tom McBride aka Mark from Friday 13th Part 2? Another openly gay actor who in my opinion died way too soon. I used to have a huge crush on him!

  11. Haha. Another gay slasher fan here (do we make up like, the majority of us?).

    City in Panic is another gay themed slasher, with a killer targeting AIDS victims (I believe) who happen to be gay males.
    Oh, and The Last Slumber Party uses a lot of derogatory insults towards gays as I recall. Haha, oh the 80s. :)

  12. I believe Mark Patton from A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy’s Revenge is also gay, as well as writers Don Mancini (Child’s Play), Jeffrey Reddick (Final Destination) and Kevin Williamson (Scream), so there are certainly gay filmmakers involved in slashers.

  13. Oh yeah, I definitely had a crush on him, too… that was the first slasher I ever saw, when I was just a young’un. I can’t remember for sure, but didn’t Stagefright have a gay character or something like that? I could be thinking of something else, or maybe a character that just struck me as gay. Oh, and William Butler, one of the gay actors from Friday the 13th Part 6 was also in Terror Night (aka Bloody Movie) and Leatherface. And I’ve always wondered a little about the two biker dudes in Friday 5 ;). And not gay, but how about Mr. Speedo in 10 to Midnight…

  14. I mean part 7, not Part 6, above.

  15. Poor Christian, we’re invading your site. :D I heard Mark Patton did gay porn after his career fizzled out. Also, Stephen Geofferys aka “Evil Ed” from Fright Night is gay and has done porn. I’m learning a lot from you guys, I didn’t know about several of those people, so this is enlightening.

    Jay, Tom McBride was a total hot stud, the world is worse without him in it. He was the only hot guy in Part 2, and actually, most of the F13th series. Well there is also the guy who played Andy, in part 3. He is even hotter than Tom McBride, but I digress.

    Christian, have you ever seen Unhinged? It also has a Sleepaway Camp vibe in the ending. It’s also one of the worst slashers I have ever seen, but the ending is so hilarious and campy, it kind of redeems it in the end. You’re the slasher master, you’ve probably seem more slasher movies than I have. But I figured if you haven’t seen it, you’d probably enjoy it.

  16. William Butler is gay? According to IMDB, he was also in the Night of the Living Dead remake, Ghoulies II, Texas Chainsaw Massacre III, and the TV movie Buriad Alive. All classics, in my opinion. He was kind of cute in his younger days.

  17. I think I read on the Advocate that it was Kevin Spirtas, William Butler, Jeff Bennett, and Craig Thomas–I apologize if I’m mistaken. I read the names in an article with Peter Bracke on, I think, the Advocate’s site, or somewhere similar. I have also wondered if John Carl Buechler is gay, but I really have no basis for that other than just a feeling.

  18. Matt, too bad the guy who played Jason in Part VII-X wasn’t gay, what a beefcake he used to be hehe. We’ve turned this site into homo chat, how funny.

  19. Yes, William Butler was cute! And for Friday the 13th guys, I’m also kinda partial to Ned (“Tonto”) in Part 1!

  20. Yeah, we need a forum or something!

  21. Yeah, F13 7′s Kevin Spirtas (Nick), William Butler (Michael) and Jeff Bennett (Eddie) were gay. Not sure who the other is, but I’d have to guess either the actors who played Ben or Russell. And if I had to hope, I’d say the actor who played David. :D Hehe

  22. Oh! I completely forgot.

    Mitchell Anderson (“Party of Five”) is gay, and wasn’t he in Deadly Dreams?

  23. Ha… yes, sst, and that just made me wonder who would win in a fight… Serial Mom or Pamela Voorhees? Hmm…

    If any gay slasher fans want to email me to chat or maybe set up some kind of forum (esp. if you have experience in that area), then please do so at this address: queersandfears at gmail dotc/om.

  24. I have never seen Deadly Dreams, but you can bet I am soon! I had no idea he was out.

  25. I keep remembering things…. I am pretty sure there is a gay character in The Redeemer: Son of Satan/Class Reunion Massacre.

  26. For some weird reason Ned from original Friday 13th sets my gaydar off

  27. Maybe it’s just the movies I’ve watched (or haven’t lol), but there’s a low amount of gay representation whether negative or positive in horror films. Barring Hellbent, the last gay character I can remember seeing was the minor character Carlo from Argento’s Profondo Rosso.
    I’ve actually met quite a few gay guys who love horror movies. Like my boyfriend; he grew up with the 80′s slashers and just loves those. I more of a fan of euro-horror though.

  28. You have to remember though that many of these movies jumped on the bandwagon of Friday the 13th’s success, and most of the people that went to see them were teenage boys, who wanted to see some T&A and gore. If they were aware that there was a gay market out there I’m sure the studios would have exploited that, but as tits sell movies then that’s what they used.

  29. Exactly what I was thinking Christian. You need to think about how studios will make the most profit.

    Also, don’t forget in Tenebre, we have the two lesbian victims.

  30. And also remember, there’s a low amount of gay representation in most films! (besides specifically gay-themed movies, of course).

  31. Excellent article and discussion! Nice to know of other gay horror fans out there!

  32. Christian, I would also say that it was because it was the ’80s, and it was probably one of the worst times to be gay. I’m 24 so obviously I wouldn’t have first-hand knowledge, but I’ve read many things about back then, and it wasn’t a good time. Come to think of it, nothing has really changed in relation to movies since then, I guess.

    Am I the only gay person who hates most movies that are gay-themed? Most of them are so bad and cheesy, they make the worst slasher look like an Oscar winner. I can count a couple that are great, and the rest are trash. I’m not even going to get started on that gay slasher Hellbent or whatever it’s called.

  33. As a gay slasher film director, I have to jump on this bandwagon! Hi all you homos (and I know you L.I. and Body Boy).

    I enjoyed this article, but I will disagree on one point. There is no such thing as unnecessary nudity, there is an audience who will always enjoy it. I am working to include as many swinging dick shots as bouncing titties shots in my own movies.

    I consider The Burning to be one of the gayest slasher films ever. The story and Alfred’s character arc only fully make sense with a queer reading of the film. Plus the camera focuses on nude male and female bodies equally.

    Check out David DeCoteau’s Leather Jacket Love Story to see William Butler queening it up with Nicholas Worth as his partner. Not a horror film, but one of DeCoteau’s best. Also see Life and Death on the A-List to see Tom McBride fully nude. This documentary about Tom’s decline and death to AIDS is utterly heartbreaking. But he’s NAKED and HOT!

  34. Hambone, did you direct Hellbent? Apologies if you did, I didn’t mean to offend. :) But I don’t have high opinions on gay cinema. The only really good ones I have liked were Mysterious Skin and Edge of Seventeen.

    The Burning is probably one of the finest slashers ever made. Jason Alexander’s real hair is a sight to behold. I never really noticed how gay it was, because I was too busy being creeped out to notice. Yes, I still get creeped out by horror movies, even though I’ve seen so many I’ve lost count. I am quite desensitized, though.

    This website is becoming the ultimate gay slasher fan paradise.

  35. No,sst, I did not direct Hellbent. I did like it though, and I also like Jason Paul Collum’s psycho-thrillers October Moon and November Son.

    If you want to hear about my filmography, check out an interview and one of my early shorts posted just this week on Sean (Socket) Abley’s Gay of the Dead blog at Fangoria.com, it’s his top blog entry, #19. If you like, leave a comment.

  36. I think the one movie that stands out for me with a gay “theme” in it is Hide And Shriek. At the end when the 2 lovers confront each other I usually break into hysterics because of the dialogue. While I think it’s great that some movies have a gay tone to it, I just don’t think it needs to be fully exploited like “Hi, I’m gay and I’m waving it in your face!”

  37. jesus all you gay people are making me sick please keep that to yourself, maybe i should have kept that to myself. nah

  38. SkaryMoviez, I’m with you on Hide & Go Shriek. It’s definitely got some kind of homoerotic vibes going on. I just started rewatching it last night. That scene with the two guys working out and then one say something like, “I’ll meet you in the showers,” and then bites down on a banana! Yikes! :)

  39. Jared, you’re basically the type of person I was talking about when I said heterosexual horror fans can be real homophobes. Open your mind, you asshole. Remember, most people look down upon horror fans, maybe you shouldn’t judge other people.

  40. i like this very much becoz i am sexy.

  41. And yet another slasher (and horror/science fiction/fantasy) lover, who also happens to be gay.

    Hello to you all. First off very nice website and article. I’ve checked a lot of movies who were revieuwed here. Very helpfull.

    I remember another gay-character in Warlock (not slasher) with Julian Sands. A very queery guy who also gets killed. The rest of the characters don’t even mention or debate that the guy is gay. It seems very normal, as it should be.

    In general I think that a lot of horror fans are gay, cause of the fantastical element in many movies. In other words you have to have an open mind for these kind of movies. Unlike Jared, who is apparently very narrowminded. I guess he has issues of his own. Maybe he’s still in the closet. Good luck Jared.

    I do find it’s a shame that all gay men in movies are so stereotyped. They are mostly very feminine and fashionable. I would like to see a masculine muscled gay men. But that would be a stereotype too in a way. Well just masculine and gay would be fine too.

  42. gay people dont bother me personaly, it is just so nasty, i dont understand how any person can be gay. the thought of what gay people do is more horrifying than any movie i’ve seen.

  43. sorry horrorist, my manly charm and boyish good looks were meant for women only. i think your the one with the issues.

  44. I’m a straight guy that has no problem with gays. To each there own.I have to say two guys is not a pretty thought, BUT there’s a lot to be said for lesbians:) Lesbian powers activate!!!

    I must admit that besides the openly gay “Nightmare on Elm Street 2″ [Love the intro but one of my least favorites] I never really noticed much of the gay theme in slasher movies. I guess I saw past it to all the tits and gore.

    In my next life I want to be a Lesbian Nun; they know how to have a good ole time. HA ha1

  45. I’ll jump in on this. I am ALSO gay, age 27 (almost!) and I edit/Direct horror/slasher films as well. I never had a problem with the lack of homosexuals in early horror films because when they DID have them they were looked down upon in the film. In “Night Warning” there was more homophobia than actual homosexual overtones and the same goes for “The Last Slumber Party” and “Sleepaway Camp”. Even in many European films the homosexual character is often looked at as if they are a person with a “problem” or they are overly sexual (like the Bisexual bitch in Tenebre). I guess my point is I don’t think horror films NEED gay characters, but if they were included more often then they should be less stereotypical. I liked the character in “Savage Weekend” because he kicked some ass. You know, I can kick some ass too but many people who only know me through the internet probably envision me as a big ‘ol femme queen or something, which is usually how homosexuals are portrayed in horror films anyways. I think if a film has a “Gay” character, it shouldn’t be real obvious. Portray them as just another character, instead of the “gay” character. We’re past the “token black guy”, so can we do the same with gays?

    I can live with all of the excessive female nudity and NO gay characters, but when I watch a movie and hear the words “Fag”, “Dick Smoker”, “Queer” like in “The Last Slumber Party” or more recently, “Hostel”, that’s when it bothers me. It’s no better or worse than using the term “Nigger” or “Spick” in a horror movie for laughs. It’s rude, offensive, and most importantly, caters to the immature attitudes of the said “target audience”. That’s no entertainment, that’s bigotry. And the Director is utilizing his/her film as a form of hate. Horror movies should be fun, not racist or prejudice.

    And for the record, most “gay-themed slashers” ARE terrible, but that’s usually because they are independent and lack a decent budget. I imagine it’s considerably harder to raise money for a “gay” slasher film, than “Maniac Kills Naked Chicks Part 27″.

    -RHR

  46. 12! 12 gay slasher fans in this topic. :) How strange.

  47. and out of all these posts, we have one ignorant person. Not bad, but still a long way to go. Espcially since he contradicts himself which makes him even more ignorant.

    “gay people dont bother me personaly, it is just so nasty, i dont understand how any person can be gay. the thought of what gay people do is more horrifying than any movie i’ve seen.”

    So gay people don’t BOTHER you, but you find it “so nasty”. I can almost guarantee you that there is someone in YOUR family, or one of YOUR friends who is gay and hasn’t come out.

  48. RHR,I disagree that being independent and lacking a budget is a recipe for a terrible movie. Some of the genre’s classics are no budget, independent wonders. It just takes new voices and imagination to make the gay horror genre stronger. I am working on that right now.

  49. Not to turn this into another discussion as often times things like these do, but yeah SkaryMoviez. Some people are ridiculous. Those that say they don’t believe in gay marriage and would keep their children far away from known homosexuals, but then say that they have no problem with gays and ‘have many gay friends’ (one of the most frequent and dumbest retaliations I hear time and time again) never see the big picture. It’s sad.

    But I say, let’s look at what we have accomplished and work at what needs to be done instead of crying over the bitches who make life harder. :) Yays!

  50. hmmm maybe jared should give me his number

    we could hate on people in public then we can sex it up in the bedroom while watching some horror films ;)

  51. to christian pierre: if your a girl, awsome. if your a guy, gross.

    to skarymovies: like i said gay people dont bother. i said what they do is nasty, thats all. i dont lose sleep over it i just think a lot of gay people are gay just to be different. a gay guy that acks normal is ok, but those really femine panzy ones are very annoying. gay people are just really screwed up.

  52. Jared, you just f*cking contradicted yourself. You said that gays don’t bother you, but are really screwed up? Seriously? Are you for real or just posting to get people rallied up for fun? A lot of emo people are ‘gay’ just to be different, but most aren’t. Also, a lot of “feminine panzy ones” can’t help the way they act. Some overdo it, but others are seriously normally like that. And to say if a gay acts “normal” is ok just proves that you are far from educated. Look man, reread what you are about to post before you do so otherwise you will end up looking like a bigot such as you do now. :| My god, I hope you are just being a funnyman and not for realz. Like, holy sh*t…

  53. I think this discussion has gone well beyond the scope of the article which is about these elements in FILM.

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